Krishi Vigyan Kendra Jabalpur

Jabalur District

KVK, Jabalpur is a grass root level institution centrally located in the district of Madhya Pradesh, which comes under Kymore Plateau and Satpura Hills Agro Climatic Zone (Zone-VII ).The district has 1393 villages and spread in 5,19,757 ha geographical area. The climate of the district is congenial for successful cultivation for oilseed, pulses, cereals and horticultural crops, with the annual rain fall of 1358 mm. The maximum temperature is in May (40-430C) and minimum temperature is in January (8-100C). Crops like Paddy, Pigeon pea, Soybean, Maize, Sesame in kharif and Wheat, Gram, Pea and Mustard in rabi are grown predominantly in the district. The total area under irrigation is 28% out of which only 18% is double cropped in this district.

Soil Characteristics of Jabalpur

 

District profile

No .of Blocks

07

No. of Panchayats

528

No. of Villages

1393

 

Villages in each Block

Block

No. of villages

Sihora                

150

Kundam         

192

Jabalpur           

196

Panaga            

200

Majholi             

208

Shahpura         

220

Patan               

227

 

Land Use Pattern of Jabalpur District

Total Geographical Area    

 5,19,757 ha

Forest Area                           

  77,654 ha

Fallow Land                          

  57,920 ha

Total cultivated Area           

  3,67279 ha

Other degraded land            

  16,904 ha

Cropping intensity

  136.45

Major soil type

  Medium & Black soils

Nutrient consumption (NPK)            

  39:21:2

 

Distribution of population in Jabalpur District

Total Population

2151203

No. of Farmers

923863

Farm Families

399440

Large Farmers

171048

Medium Farmers

52582

Small Farmers

26079

Landless Farmers

149731

 

Productivity of important Kharif and Rabi crops of the district

Crop

Area (ha)

Productivity (Kg/ha)

Paddy

64184

941

Soybean

2240

891

Arhar

6798

1257

Maize

4290

1666

Wheat

87879

2243

Gram

66450

1141

Mustard

4147

1027

 

Soil Type and its Characteristics

Soil Type

Area covered

Characteristics

Heavy Soil

(45%) Area covering blocks Jabalpur, Patan, Shahpura, Panagar

High in Organic carbon& water retention, deficient in Zinc,
pH 7.2-8.0

Medium  Black Soil

(25%) Area covering blocks Majholi, Sihora, Shahpura

Medium in O.C. & moderate in water retention, deficiency in Zinc, pH -6.5-8.1

Light soil

(30%) Area covering blocks Kundam, some parts of Jabalpur, Sihora

Gravel and sandy soil, low in O.C., pH-6.0-7.0

 

Agricultural scenario

In the district, 80 per cent is the agrarian population dependent on farming. Most of the farming situation is rainfed (64 %). The major crops are paddy, soybean, urd, wheat, gram, pea, etc. The existing position of crops/farming systems is given below:

Farming situations/systems

Area (%)

Extent

Cultivated area mainly rainfed

 64

Large

Cropping intensity (136%)

35

low

Cropping pattern (Coarse cereals in Kharif )

34

-

Tribal, marginal and small farmers’ population

27

-

Unproductive animals (fodder shortage)

60

High

Area affected due vagaries of nature

45

High

Soil fertility status

35

Poor

Seed replacement rate

40

Low

Fertilizer and pesticides consumption 

60

Low

Pest and diseases incidence

75

High

Use of fallow or degraded land

20

Low

Large run off and soil erosion
(a) Water congestion in monsoon season
(b) Inadequate moisture in post rainy season.

 

40
35

 

High
high

 

Thrust areas identified based on Participatory Rural Appraisal of the district

 

  1. Enhancement of Seed Replacement rate
  • Formation of Seed production groups/societies
  • Replacement of low value crops through more productive high value crops

2.        Integrated Nutrient Management

  • Soil enrichment through recycling of farm waste and use of bioinoculants as biofertilizer alongwith organics

3.          Soil & Water Management

  • In situ water conservation and groundwater recharging through run off harvesting and mulches.

4.          Integrated Pest and Disease Management

  • Deep summer ploughing and tmely sowing with seed treatment and use of botanicals, bioagents and biopesticides

5.        Integrated Farming Systems

  • Genetic upgradation of livestock
  • Feed and fodder management
  • Health and Care of animals

6.        Improvement in cropping intensity in rainfed areas

7.         Proper utilisation of natural resources in crop production

 

 

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